Constitution day: how to change the fundamental law of Ukraine

konstitucziya

Sunday, June 28, marked the 24th year of the Constitution of Ukraine.

It was adopted during the presidency of Leonid Kuchma in 1996 and since then was rewritten six times, reports the Chronicle.info with reference to Browser.

This was largely a political action that was carried out to consolidate his power, weakening opponents or just for the sake of PR. Changes never dealt with the improvement of people’s lives.

The first attempt to amend the Constitution was made by Kuchma in 2000. She was motivated by a desire to control the Parliament. The President has made every effort to the Verkhovna Rada agreed to implement the results of the referendum. But they all failed after a scandal involving the murder of Georgy Gongadze, the country began a protest action “Ukraine without Kuchma”.

The next, more successful attempt Kuchma was the change of the Constitution of Ukraine in 2004. It is possible that this helped to avoid a civil war in a country that could erupt during the presidential elections and the Orange revolution. Then the Parliament voted for changes that curtail the powers of the President in the formation of the government.

Thus, Ukraine turned into a parliamentary-presidential Republic. Reform in 2004, strengthening Parliament, strengthened and Prime Minister, laid the conflict at the lines of the Cabinet and the presidential administration. After the victory of Viktor Yanukovych in the presidential election, he abolished reform through the constitutional court.

In the summer of 2015, President Petro Poroshenko submitted a draft law changing the Constitution in terms of decentralization. The main was the question of Donbass, the decisions demanded by Europe after the signing of the second Minsk agreement. 31 Aug the law adopted in first reading under the Parliament passed the clashes between nationalists and police, as a result of a grenade explosion killed four national guardsmen. The second reading was scheduled for 2016, but did not take place. Ukraine’s new President Vladimir Zelensky directly said that to make the special status of Donbass in the Constitution will not.

In February 2019 Rada on representation Poroshenko canceled the actual non-aligned status of Ukraine and was written in the Constitution the commitment to NATO and the European Union.

In the fall of 2019 Parliament abolished the parliamentary immunity enshrined in the Constitution. However, since the actual abolition of immunity – January 1, 2020, none of the current MP in jail was not. Thus, the Constitution was rewritten six times.