The scientists left the room, leaving sweets on the table.
Today the kids were much more patient than their counterparts from the 1960s — most of them are willing to wait and get more sweets than to eat one candy immediately, the press service of the University of Minnesota.
This writes with reference to .
“Despite the fact that we live in an era of instant gratification of all wishes, including the Internet and smartphones, our research shows that children are now better able to control themselves than in 1960 and 1980. This disproves preconceived idea of adults that children become more impatient,” says Stephanie Carlson (Stephanie Carlson) University of Minnesota (USA).
The ability to control yourself and not to make impulsive actions is one of unique human traits, which, as today, most scientists believe, is missing from almost all other animals. Loss of control is now considered one of the main features or the causes of obesity, drug and alcohol dependence, and a range of other diseases.
In the late 1960s, the American scientist Walter Michel (Walter Mischel) noticed a curious pattern — a high level of self-control in childhood and adult life was associated with a high level of intelligence and success in life, and Vice versa. Subsequently, these findings were repeatedly confirmed, and now no one doubts their justice to the people.
In this experiment, the researchers invited children to the lab, sat them in front of him and showed a set of several sweets, explaining that they will receive double the amount of candy, cookies and marshmallows if they wait 15 minutes. After that, the scientists left the room, leaving sweets on the table, and secretly watched inferior children to the temptation or not.
Carlson and her colleagues checked out how things have changed over the last half century. To do this, they compared the results of similar experiments for which the laboratory has conducted between 1960 and 2010, and organized a small survey among five hundred American adults with one child or several children.
Interestingly, the real results of the “marshmallow test” and the adults were diametrically opposed — in reality, the children became more patient and had better control of their emotions, whereas more than 70% of parents thought that the opposite is true.
On average, today’s children are willing to wait for two or one minute longer than their peers of generations 1960 and 1980, and they had on average a slightly higher IQ than their predecessors.
Scientists believe that both connected — the rise in IQ is associated with improved preschool and early-school education and raising the level of intelligence, in turn, made the children more patient.In addition, intellectual ability and self-control of young Americans could improve that thing that is constantly complaining about the parents — their Hobbies phones and other electronic gadgets with a touch screen. Such devices, how they make Carlson and her colleagues, forcing the children to quickly master the basics of abstract thinking and planning that could help them become more patient.