Scientists have discovered necklaces made by Neanderthals.
The Neanderthals chose not to shoot arrows or throw spears, killing the victims at a great distance and to produce their own food in “melee”, attacking animals from an ambush, say the anthropologists in the article published in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution.
This writes with reference to .
“People feed on animal meat for at least 2.5 million years, but we still don’t know how our ancestors had to earn their living. It has recently been found the remains of copies of the age of 400-300 thousand years, but they do not give us understanding of how they were used. We found the carcasses of two deer, which gave the answer to this question”, — says Rubruk Vil (Wil Roebroeks) of Leiden University (Holland).
Quite a long time, anthropologists and paleontologists believed that the Neanderthals, European “cousins” of our ancestors, markedly inferior to them in cultural development, not having the gift of speech, culture, religion and even the ability to light the fire. Over the past five years, all of these turned out to be myths have been successfully broken new findings in Croatia, Israel and Spain.
For example, recently scientists have discovered the necklaces, manufactured by Neanderthals, as well as various examples of Neanderthal rock art, and found that these ancient people used to collect stones, were able to cook various concoctions to cure disease and to draw abstract tattoo, use “chemistry” to put out fires and had a rather complex burial rites.
Numerous tools and artifacts found at sites of Homo neanderthalensis in Europe and Asia, indicate that these ancient people hunted their own food, hunt for various large animals. Rubruk and his colleagues reveal the secrets of their hunting skills by studying bones found in the “mass grave” of deer. They were discovered in the basin of an ancient lake, located 35 kilometers from Leipzig, near the area of the Neanderthals Neumark-Nord.
The first excavations, as noted by Rubruk here began in the late GDR — archaeologists and paleontologists were able to extract the remains of about two hundred fallow deer, deer and other hoofed animals, some of which could die from the fangs of predators, and the other — from the first aboriginal Europe. This is supported by the fact that the four bones of the deer bore the traces of chopping and other tools.
Re-analyzing their bones, the authors unexpectedly discovered that the remains of two species bear a clear and quite unequivocal signs of damage caused by a spear or other pointed weapon. By scanning them using the scanner, the scientists were able to estimate the force and direction of impact, as well as the circumstances of the death of the deer.
As shown by these calculations, both the male died as a result of two powerful but slow strikes with his spear from behind, one of which struck the cervical vertebrae of one of the deer, and the second rear part of the croup and pelvic bone. Judging by the lack of traces of healing, both animals died immediately after contact with Neanderthals.
The angle of incidence and a large number of cracks in the bone tissue, as the scientists explain, say that these blows were inflicted with a very small distance, which eliminates the possibility that a Neanderthal could successfully throw a spear at a deer. All of this suggests that they preferred to engage in “melee” with the victim, attacking her from an ambush, despite the fact that the collision with the deer horns could be the end for the ancient people is as fatal as a spear.This, as the researchers note, could distinguish Neanderthals from our ancestors of the modern tribes of people stuck in the stone age used spears as projectiles and the “melee” stab. On the other hand, Rubruk and his colleagues do not exclude that they could throw spears, to do that, however, was difficult in the dense forests that covered Europe at that time.